EXILE, as a penalty, not aharshonenow,
376; with hard labor, etc,, 377,
EXPIATION as a ground of punishment
Ex POST facto laws, 293.
FAMILY communities, 90-95.
FAMILY rights enumerated, 84; their vast
importance, 84, 85 ; blend jural and
moral considerations, 85. See Marriage,
Polygamy, Divorce, Parental Power.
FEUDAL monarchy, 528-535 ; feudal sys-
tem,its nature, 529; beneficia, vassalage,
exemptions, ibid, ; exemptions or im-
munities, 520, 521; broke up the old
counties, 532 ; put jurisdiction in great
landholders' hands, ibid.; theory of
king, as proprietor of the soil, 533 ;
rights of vassals over th,eir vassals, 534;
how the kings broke up the system,
535; weakness of feudal states, ibid.
FICHTE (the elder) on the right of revo-
FILMER, Sir R., his patriarchial theory of
the state, 166 ; refuted by Locke, ibid.
FINES for offences, damnuni, mulcta, 361,
FLINT, Prof. R., on Montesquieu, 170,
171; on a theory of Cousin, 143.
FLORENCE, institutions of, ii. 60-951
early Florence, 60 ; as a commune, 60,
62, 63 ; relations in theory to the em-
peror, 61; divided jurisdiction, 62 ;
classes of inhabitants, 63 ; early laws,
ibid* ; the Podesta, 64, 65; quarrels of
Guelphs and Ghibellines, 65, 66, 67, et
seq. ; il primo popolo, 67, 68, et seq. ;
the capitan.ot 68 ; victory of the Ghibel-
lines, 69; the two podestas, ibid. / the
arts or guilds, 69,70 ; the thirty-six, 70;
the Guelphic party, 71; the fourteen,
ibid. ; the priors, 72 ; the inferior guilds,
73; ordinances of justice, 73-75 ; the
gonfalonier of justice, 75; priors' coun-
cil, or college 76 ; contests of parties,
77,78; councils and reform in them,
78 ; way1 of doing business in councils,
79; squitt'mio, 80; the divieto, 81 ; the
Duke of Athens, 81, 82; final loss of
power by the grandi, 82 ; plans of the
Guelphic leaders, 82, 83 ; ammonire> 84;
tumult of the ciornpi, ibid.;
Lando, changes in favor of lower guilds,
85; reaction, 86; Maso degli Albiis/.i
and the Ottimati, 87, 88; RinnWu clegli
Albizzi, his government of Florence,
88, 89; procures the banishment of
Cosimo dei Medici, 89; is, himself, ban-
ished with his leading partisans, 89; the
sway of the Medici, 90-93 ; new consti-
tution and the great council, 92 ; over-
throw of republic, 93 ; Florence not a
democracy, but an aristocracy ending
in oligarchy, 93, 94 ; the balln, the par*
lamwto* cap. 89, 90,94; citizens' rights
taken away, 73-7Si 89, 94; want of
balance in the constitution, 94; activity
in arts and social life, 94, 95-
FOREIGNERS and their children, relation
of to their adopted country, 385.
FORM of government, no one alone indi-
cated by theory, 288; depends on
character of people, etc., 289. Division
of forms made by Aristotle, 466, 467 ;
by Plato, 467; by Polybius, 468, 469;
by Montesquieu, 473. Simple and
mixed forms, 470, 471. Spirit of govts.,
478; Aristotle's subdivisions, 479-
483. Other divisions within the same
polity, 483, 484. Divisions in the pres-
ent work, 485, 486. See Monarchies,
Aristocracies, Democracies, Compound
Forms, Confederations; also England,
Dutch United Provinces, etc.
FRANCE. French empire, 509, 510.
French democracy, ii. 138, 142. See
Democracy. Central administration
and government of, 368-371.
FRANQUEVILLE, Ct. de, on constitution
of French municipalities, etc., ii, 381.
FRANK pledge. See Responsibility.
FREEDOM, a general term for all or most
FREEMAN, E, A., on representation of
small places, 297; on confederation,
ii. 167 ; on the Achaean league, 182-
192, passim ; on the Lycian league,
FREE speech, right of, no; in collision
with right of reputation, 112.
FUSTEL de Coulanges, on religions of
early tribes, 460.